In the early 1800s, before the military reservation, the land was inhabited by the indigenous Sioux and Ojibwa. The Franciscan missionary, Louis Hennepin, visited the place in 1680 and named the place St. Anthony Falls. The village from the east side of the St. Anthony developed. Since the area had been reserved as a military outpost, the people living along the military reservations lived as squatters in the land. Still, the government later gave them patent rights in 1849, and thus the metropolis was incorporated. The name metropolis was derived from the Greek word "polis," which means a city and Sioux word "metro," which means water. In 1860 St. Anthony received a charter from government and graduated as a city, and Minneapolis was also chartered in 1867, and in 1872, the two cities join and merged as Minneapolis.
During those days, the falls served as the country's main economic base, since lumber and flour milling was the main economic activity in Minneapolis. The flour milling plant served as the country's leading producer of flour. The lumber industries thrived until the early 19th century when production of wheat increased from the north-west and overtook the lumber sector, which was then closed in 1919.
The introductions of the railroad connecting Chicago and the south and passed through Sault Ste. Marie to Michigan was launched and came to be operational in the late 19th century, while Minneapolis remained the headquarters for some milling industries. After the 1st world war, the introduction of cheap freight from shipping boosted the overall production in the milling sector since most finished products for export were easily transported to New York consumers through Minneapolis.
The population of Minneapolis kept rising until its peak in the 20th century, where it began declining as the city's economy stabilized in 1990. The population of the twin cities then began rising at the same following the movement of others from the cities to the countryside. The indigenous communities constituted mostly Europeans, but later, most foreigners, including African Americans, Hispanic, and Asians, continue to rise while blacks are now representing a large portion of the population in Minneapolis.